Ancient Greek Architecture Facts

When we think of ancient Greek architecture what usually comes to mind are the amazing temples built by this ancient civilization. The Parthenon, the Temple of Poseidon, the Temple of Apollo, the Temple of Aphaia, and the Temple of the Olympian Zeus are just a few of the amazing temples that were built. Other interesting buildings erected by the ancient Greek people include open-air theatres like the one at Delphi and beautiful town squares (agora) the most famous of which is the Agora of Athens located near the Acropolis. The ruins of many of these famous structures are still standing today for kids and adults alike to marvel at.

In this section of Ancient Greece facts we cover ancient Greek architecture facts. There is information on the Greek order of architecture, which Greek architectural history is divided into, along with specific examples of many of the amazing structures they erected.

Greek Order of Architecture

Classical Greek architecture is classified into three styles (orders) which are Doric, Ionic, or Corinthian. The order is mainly distinguished by the type of column employed in the structure. Many people mistakenly believe that Doric, Ionic, or Corinthian are types of columns. The order dictated the relationships and proportions of all the architecture components of a building. These orders represent the entire structure including the horizontal upper part of the structure, called the entablature, supported by the columns. The entablature consisted of three parts which are:
  1. The architrave (lower part)
  2. The frieze (middle part)
  3. The cornice (top part)

General Ancient Greek Architecture Facts